The use of performance-enhancing drugs in sports activity has become an increasing problem across various sports. It is defined as any substance or drug that, when taken, gives a sportsperson an unfair advantage relative to a clean athlete. Drug abuse in sports is nothing new, the names and drugs have changed, nevertheless they all serve the same purpose.
Drug abuse happens in all sports and at most levels of competition, athletic life may lead to drug abuse for some reasons, including for performance improvement, to self-treat otherwise untreated mental disorder, to enhance one’s career, to secure the victory and to deal with stressors, such as pressure to perform, injuries, physical pain, and retirement from sport.Many sports agencies have come to ban the use of performance-enhancing drugs and have very strict consequences for individuals caught using them, there is variable attestation for the performance-enhancing effects and side effects of the various substances that are used for doping. Below are some effects of drug abuse.
#1. Drug abuse could potentially cause disease of the brain: Nonstop usage brings changes in the brain chemistry that results in an alteration of behaviour. It alters the parts of the brain responsible for self-control, judgment, motivation, memory as well as learning. Hence, a person when high in drugs, is usually uncontrollable. Emotions are like a roller coaster ride that can have a direct impact of extreme behavioural moods. Take a marijuana user for example. When he is high, it might cause extremes of possibly crying or laughter.
#2. One major reason behind a person to go into drug usage is to escape reality: Realities in life in the form of physical or psychological discomfort brought about by challenges or series of negative crises in life can cause a person to go into depression. Depression comes before obsession. Just the way a person thinks can send them into depression particularly if he has a negative self-image; he has a feeling of helplessness and uselessness or depression and it may even be hereditary.
#3. Aside from the behavioural consequences of taking had drugs, there is a major effect in a person's physical health as well: Physiological effects found in the initial stages of drug addiction have shown abnormal breathing and/or increase in heart rate and blood pressure. It could be unintended but drug abuse can lead to overdose, congestive heart failure, cardiovascular disease and some other related ailment.
#4. As thoughts of an addict become irrational, anxiety, fear and negative acts can fill the mind of the person. This often leads him to do things without reasoning. As a result, there are so many incidents of suicide due to the influence of had drugs.
Lastly, drug addiction can cause the person to lose everything and everyone in the life of the addict. If you have someone in the family or friend that you suspect is into drugs, seek help as quickly as is possible. Everyone can help in the fight against "War on Drugs" especially within the family. It is important that children at a young age should feel security, love and acceptance as well encouragement to be active in sports or other community activities. Little by little everyone can do their share in helping fight drug abuse in sport.
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