Diabetes is a disease of sugar and fat metabolism induced by problems with insulin secretion by the pancreas and with the insulin sensitivity of the body cells. There are two major types of diabetes: Type I and Type II.
Type I, which is the more serious, develops when the body's immune mechanism destroys the insulin-secreting cells in the pancreas. This type represents 5 to 10 percent of all cases and often strikes children and young adults even though it can occur at any age.
Type II diabetes, commonly called adult-onset diabetes, accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all identified cases. This type begins when cells do not use insulin correctly and develop resistance to it. To recompense, the pancreas attempts to generate more insulin and gradually loses the potential to do so, or burns out. Type II diabetes is often associated with advanced age, excess body fat, a family history of diabetes, physical inactiveness and different races.
Type I diabetes results from the body's failure to produce insulin, the hormone that "unlocks" the cells of the body, enabling glucose to enter and fuel them. It is believed that 5-10% of Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes results from insulin resistance (a condition in which the body fails to properly use insulin), combined with relative insulin deficiency. Most Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type II diabetes.
There is also pre-diabetes which is a condition that occurs when a person's blood glucose levels are above normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type II diabetes. There are 54 million Americans that have pre-diabetes, in addition to the 20 .8 million with diabetes.
Diabetes symptoms may vary from one individual to another but most of the time anyone with diabetes will probably experience some of these signs and symptoms. Some symptoms are: going to the restroom often, staying thirsty, tiredness, blurred vision, stomach pain and sometimes people experience weight loss.
Some of the most important things people with diabetes should know is a healthy, nutritional diet and a regular exercise routine can help in treating the disease. Speak with your doctor about what kind of diet you should consider following, together with a moderate exercise program. The doctor or a nutritionist will be able to tell you exactly what kinds of foods you must be avoiding and give you some tips on how much exercise you need weekly. Doing this has many health benefits and will as well make you feel so much better about yourself.
Diabetes is a serious complicated condition which can affect the entire body which requires daily self-care and if complications develop, diabetes can have a major impact on quality of life and can decrease life expectancy. While there is currently no cure for diabetes, you can live an enjoyable life by learning about the condition and effectively controlling it. Stay healthy.
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